Monday, April 8, 2019

HIV Diagnosis Essay Example for Free

human immunodeficiency computer virus Diagnosis EssayBecause a new HIV diagnosis can be stressful to an individual, it is non only important to seek follow-up c ar from a medical standpoint, but from a affable and spiritual standpoint as well. Some follow-up recommendations may include 1. Prompt medical preaching for initiation of antiretroviral medications, appropriate vaccine administration 2. Continuation of medical care including taking prescribed medication, blush when not symptomatic. 3. Education regarding changes in behaviors to reduce take a chance of transmittal to others. 4. Referrals to behavioral and psychological services to care with emotional needs as well as assistance with coping strategies to deal with the many changes that surveil the diagnosis. 5. Encouragement to seek spiritual care and companionship.6. Education regarding reproductive choices and contraceptive information.1What is hiv?HIV is the virus that causes AIDS, which leads to immunosuppress ion. The immunosuppression can cause opportunistic infections, cancer, central nervous system degeneration, and death. HIV is transmitted from individual to person from sexual contact, blood contact, or from mother to infant.. 2 HIV is generally classified into three categories the first infection level, the latent phase, and the overt AIDS infection phase. The progression of these phases typically spans 8-12 years.Many people set out symptoms after their primary infection that may include fever, fatigue, sore throat, night sweats, gastroin try oninal problems, rash, and headache. If the infection is observe during the primary infection period, the patient may have a much better outcome with archaean treatment. The primary phase is followed by the latent phase, when the patient is asymptomatic. This phase lasts an average of 10 years. The latent phase is followed by overt-AIDS. If untreated, this phase can lead to death within 2-3 years, or sooner.2 whos at risk?Men who have unprotected sex with men are at the grea quiz risk for acquiring HIV. Infants are at risk for acquiring HIV from their mothers in utero, during labor and/or delivery, and during breastfeeding however transmission can be almost entirely prevented by the proper use of antiretroviralmedications and the absence of breastfeeding. 3 overlap contaminated needles, unprotected sex, receiving unsterile medical procedures, and accidental needle sticks put individuals at risk. dischargeing There are several different tests available to screen for HIV. Testing is recommended at least once per year for sexually active persons. Enzyme immunoassay test (results take up to deuce weeks) 4Rapid HIV antibody test (results take 10-20 minutes) 4Both tests may be done using blood, oral fluid, or urine. If a positive result from either of the previous two tests, a Western Blot test must(prenominal) be performed. Testing may not be positive even in the presence of infection if testing occurs shortly afte r infection. The results of the Western Blot test may take up to two weeks. 4 Antigen test (blood test. Can diagnose earlier at 1-3 weeks after first infection) 4 PCR testCan identify HIV in blood within 2-3 weeks of infection.Used in testing of babies innate(p) to HIV positive mothers to determine if the babies themselves are positive4 Home testing kitsHome test kits may be purchased at most pharmacies. A small blood sample is mailed in and the patient is contacted with results.4 PreventionThere are several different ways individuals can jock prevent acquiring HIV. Some of the methods include1. Correct and consistent use of condoms2. Abstinence or reciprocal monogamous long-term relationships3. Regular testing for HIV4. Use of sterile syringes by IV do drugs users5. Antiretroviral treatment for those infected56. Male circumcisionTREATMEntThere is no cure for HIV. Treatment focuses on slowing shovel in the replication of the virus. Treatment of the HIV virus involves taking medic ation that interrupts the viruss replication process. typically this involves using a combination of medications. The current standard treatment is a combination of three to foursome antiviral medications which is referred to as high active antiretroviral therapy or HAART.2 Because opportunistic infections arehighly problematic in individuals with HIV/AIDS, infection exposure should be limited and vaccines should be obtained as recommended. 2

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