Wednesday, May 22, 2019
Ã¢â¬ÅIron triangleÃ¢â¬Â Essay
conjure triangle is a term used by political scientists to describe the policy-making relationship between the legislature, the bureaucracy, and have-to doe with groups. The term iron triangle has been widely used by political scientists outside the joined States and is today an accepted term in the field. In the United States, bureaucratic power is exercised in the Congress, and particularly in congressional committees and subcommittees. By aligning itself with selected constituencies, an agency may be able to affect policy outcomes flat in these committees and subcommittees.This is where an iron triangle may manifest itself. These are the fibrous interests groups that influence Congressional votes in their favour and can guarantee the re-election of a constituent of Congress in return for supporting their programs. At another corner sit members of Congress who also seek to align themselves with a constituency for political and electoral support. These congressional members sup port legislation that advances the interest groups agenda.Occupying the third corner of the triangle are bureaucrats, who are often pressured by the same powerful interest groups their agency is designated to regulate. The result is a three-way, stable alliance that is sometimes called a subgovernment because of its durability, impregnability, and power to determine policy. Consumers are often left out in the cold by this arrangement. An iron triangle can result in the passing of genuinely narrow, pork-barrel policies that benefit a elflike segment of the population.The interests of the agencys constituency (the interest groups) are met, while the needs of consumers (which may be the planetary public) are passed over. That public administration may result in benefiting a small segment of the public in this way may be viewed as problematic for the popular concept of democracy if the general welfare of all citizens is sacrificed for very specific interests. This is especially so if the legislation passed neglects or reverses the original purpose for which the agency was established. On the other hand, lobbyists also helped the consumer and the general public as well.Since the consumer and the general public are usually less educated, unorganized and lacks financial resources, the lobbyist and interest groups represent them in some ways. A public good is something from which everybody benefits. People cannot be excluded from enjoying the good just because they didnt pay for it. If an interest group is successful in lobbying for laws that will improve the air quality, for example, everyone who breathes that air will benefit, whehter they paid for the lobbying confinement or not. Despite the bad reputation earned by interest groups through the years there are several advantages to their existence.Interest groups help yoke the gap between the citizens and the government and enable citizens to explain their views on policies to public officials. They also help r aise public awareness and inspire action on various issues. They often provide public officials with specialized and detailed information that might be difficult to obtain otherwise. This information may be helpful in making policy choices. Interest groups serve as a check on public officials to make sure that they are carrying out their duties and responsibilities.BibliographyEdward I Sidlow, Beth Henschen. America at Odds, Thomson Wadsworth, 2005. ISBN 0534647596 Gordon Adams. The Iron Triangle The Politics of Defense Contracting, Council on Economic Priorities, New York, 1981. ISBN 0-87-871012-4 Jack H. Knott, Gary J. Miller Reforming Bureaucracy Prentice-Hall ISBN 0-13-770090-3 (1st edition, 1987) Francis E. Rourke Bureaucracy, Politics, and Public Policy Harpercollins ISBN 0-673-39475-1 (3rd edition, 1984) Iron Triangle Retrieved March 06, 2007, from http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Iron_triangle.