Wednesday, June 5, 2019
The definition of financial terminology within the market
The definition of pecuniary terminology within the food merchandiseDid you know what the financial installation is? The definition of financial institution is an organization that invests the chiefly in financial assets such as securities and loans rather than in tangible property. In the financial institutions, thither have include many parts, such as banks, consumer finance companies, trust companies, savings and loans, policy companies, credit unions, pension investment companys, and the interchangeable funds.What is the financial market? financial markets is a market which for the exchange of the capital and credit, it including the cash markets and the capital markets. Inbusiness, political sympathiesand individualsoftenneed to raise the funds. Incomeindividuals andcompanies arenowspendingto a greater extentthan they,so they have funds available toinvest. Individuals and organizationsgatheredtoborrowmoneyandthose who havesurplus. The financial market house be divide d into two groups, that is money market and capital market. Moneymarket is acreationand suppliersofshort term funding requirementsand the financialrelationship. The maturityis within one year. The capitalmarket is amarket, so thatsuppliers anddemandersto tradelong-term capital. The investors encounter high risks in those securities are including liquidity risk, default risk, maturity risk and inflation risk. These two financial markets also can divide into primary market and secondary market.Next, I want to Identify and discuss the three different ways for transferring capital or fund from savers to borrowers in the financial market. The first ways is direct transfers of money and securities. This pass on occur when a business contends the bond and stocks directly to the savers without going to done any types of the financial institution. It is the business that delivers its securities to the savers, and who in turn give the firm the money it needs. The second ways is the investm ent banking house. The investment banking house is an organization that can distributes or underwrites the new investment securities and also help business obtain financing. For an example, the person name Merrill Lynch is underwrites the issue. The underwriter is serves as a middleman. It also facilitates the exit of the securities. The company who sells the stocks or bonds to the investment bank, the major reason is they want to sells these same securities to the savers. The last ways for transferring capital or fund from savers to borrowers in the financial market is financial intermediaries. The financial intermediaries is the specialized financial firms that facilities the transfer of funds from the savers to demander of capital. The financial intermediary is such like a bank or joint fund. It is patently to transfer the money and securities between the firms and the savers. They literally want to create the new financial products. Here, the intermediary obtains funds is fro m the savers in exchange is for its own securities. Then, the intermediary will use this money to buy and also hold the business securities. In addition, the existence of intermediaries are greatly to increases the efficiency of money and capital markets.In the financial intermediaries also have many functions. The first functions of the financial intermediaries are to reduce the transaction cost. A transaction cost is a cost that incurred in reservation in an economic exchange. Usually this is restated of the cost of the participating in a market. For an example, if you are a businessman, you want to open a fruits stall. Lets say you want to sell watermelon. You consider buying the watermelons from a store. To purchase the watermelons, your costs are not only paying for the price of the watermelons itself. Why? Because you need to use your energy and bowel movement it requires to find out what types of the watermelons that you prefer, the cost of travelling from that store to you r house, where can you get the stock of watermelons, can get the watermelons at what price, the effort of the paying itself and also the clipping when you waiting in line. These all costs are really above and beyond the cost of the watermelons are the transaction costs. The second functions of the financial intermediaries are the facilities such as saving deposits, online banking to pay the bills, online checking your saving account, money transfer and others that can be liquidity. These all are provided generally by credit unions, banks, and the finance companies. The nigh function of the financial intermediaries are risk sharing. While, the risk sharing is a risk management method in which the cost of the consequences of a risk is distributed among with the some(prenominal) of the participants in an enterprise.Next, I want to explain about the classes of intermediaries. There have seven classes of the intermediaries. The first classes are commercial banks. commercial-grade ban ks is the traditional finance division storeinto awide variety ofsavers and borrowers. Expandingthe services provided,including stockbrokerage services andinsurance coverage. Commercial banks are quite different from the investment banks. Commercial banks can lend money, while an investment bank is help companies to raise the capital from other parties. The second classes are savings and loan associations. This is the served individual savers and residential and commercial mortgage borrowers. It takes the fund of many small savers and then will lend this money to the home buyers and other type of borrowers. In the analysis of credit, it is view up a loan, so that the collections of personal savings are more than expertise, so they reduce the costs and improve the availability of real estate loans. The trey classes are mutual savings banks. This is similar with SLs, operate the primarily in the northeastern states, and accept the savings primarily from individuals. It also lend the mainly on a long-term basis to the home buyers or consumers. The next classes are credit union. Credit unions are the members of the associationof their cooperationshould have acommon bond. The members savings are loaned only to other members, usually is for the home improvement loans, auto purchases etc. Its often the cheapest source of the funds available to the individual borrowers. Other classes are the pension funds. It means the retirement plans are funded by corporations or government agencies for their workers and the administered primarily by the trust departments of commercial banks or by life insurance companies. There have two plans of the pension funds, defined benefit plans and defined contribution plans. Another class is the life insurance companies. That is the participate in the one-yearpremiumin the formofsavings, real estate, bonds, mortgageloans, investmentin stocks,ultimatelythese fundsto the insuredspayment to the beneficiaryparties. The last classes are mutu al funds. The mutual funds are the corporations that accept money from the savers and then they use these funds to buy the stocks, long-term bonds, or short-term debt instruments issued by business or government units. The pools funds and thus reduce the risks by diversification. The different fundsof different types ofsavingsdesigned to meetthosegoals. There are literally thousands of different mutual funds with dozens of different goals and purposes.In this assignment, I had already explain the definition of financial market, the three different ways for transferring capital or fund from savers to borrowers and also the classes of intermediaries. I know that the financial institutions are very important not just for a businessman, also for everyone.