Saturday, January 4, 2020

Symptoms And Symptoms Of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Introduction Posttraumatic stress disorder is classified as an extreme anxiety disorder that has characteristics of both mood and personality disorders. Symptoms are brought on after an individual experiences a traumatic event. Though not everyone that experiences a traumatic event goes on to develop PTSD, seven to eight percent of the U.S. population will experience PTSD at some point in their lives. Symptoms of PTSD include four main categories of symptoms: reliving, avoidance, hyper arousal, and Negative changes in beliefs and feelings. Reliving the event can include nightmares, flashbacks, occurrence of triggers which are things that a person may hear, see, or smell that causes an individual to relive the event. A person experiencing†¦show more content†¦The individual may experience changes in their feelings towards their self and others (PTSD: How). Diagnosis PTSD is diagnosed using the DSM-IV. Individuals must first and foremost experience or witness an event in which actual or threatened harm is involved (Nathan). This includes but is not limited to: physical or sexual assault, serious accidents, child sexual or physical abuse, combat exposure, terrorist attack and natural disasters. Such events can bring on an â€Å"intense fear, helplessness or horror† (Nathan). Symptoms discussed above meet the criteria B through D according to the DSM-VI for PTSD. Criteria E is that the symptoms must be present for at least one month and show clinical impairment in social, occupational, or other areas of functionality (criteria F) (Nathan). Statistics An estimated eight percent of U.S. citizens have PTSD at any given time (Guess). Seventy percent of adults in the U.S. have experienced some type of traumatic event at least once in their lives and up to 20 percent go on to develop PTSD (PTSD: How). It is estimated 1 out of 10 women develops PTSD; women are about twice as likely as men (PTSD: How). Almost 50 percent of all outpatient mental health patients have PTSD. One study conducted on numerous college campuses found that one

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